​Wildflowers

​Wildflowers

Wildflowers grow in the wild and may or may not have been intentionally planted or seeded to produce there. Examples of wildflowers include, but not limited to; Silene latifolia, Adonis aestivalis, Centaurea cyanus, Viola tricolor, Dianthus barbatus, Anagallis, Digitalis purpurea, Agrostemma githago, Anthemis arvensis, Adonis aestivalis (known as the Summer Pheasant's Eye), Papaver rhoeas, Gypsophila elegans, Eschscholzia californica (known as the California Poppy), and the Coreopsis tinctoria. In 2002, the wildflower became the official emblem for the United Kingdom after members of the public nominated voted. Plantlife International did this to spread awareness of the native species and their need for conservation as some species of the Wildflower has become endangered; Such as the Dianthus gratianopolitanus (known as the Cheddar Pink), the champion angustifolium (known as the Rosebay Willowherb), and the Stachys alpine (known as the Limestone Woundwort).

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Despite being called "Wildflower," that isn't the exact term. Other terms such as introduced species, native species (which means that they're native to the area and naturally occur there), or exotic are more fitting for the flower. Sometimes they are even referred to as being an invasive species because of how they out-compete both native and non-native flowers. Some species of wildflower are also labeled as imported, meaning that they've either been deliberately or accidentally introduced to an area. Naturalized wildflowers are those that were added to a specific area but are now known as being native to the public. All these terms are more accurate than merely calling them a wildflower.

Twelve types of wild flowers that appear annually are; The agrostemma githago (known as the Corn Cockle), the anthemis arvensis (known as the Corn Chamomile), the atriplex hortensis (known as the Purple Orache), the centaurea cysnus (known as the Cornflower), the coreopsis tinctoria (known as the Golden Tickseed), the California Poppy, the glebionis segetum (known as the Corn Marigold), the helianthus annuus (known as the Sunflower), the papaver rhoeas (known as Red Poppies), the papaver somniferum (known as the Opium Poppy), the rhinanthus minor (known as the Yellow Rattle), and the verbena bonariensis which is known as the Verbena.

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In some areas, the Verbena is a short-lived perennial. However, those that are located in places in which have cold winters are considered to be annuals. Verbenas are tall and slender plants which produce purple shaded flowers that are held high on multiple stems. Verbenas attract butterflies and bees for pollination while preferring the full exposure of the sun and being planted in well-drained soil. The Yellow Rattle is a commonly used plant which is used to reduce the hold of coarse grasses so that other plants may grow in meadows. Their name comes from how their papery seedheads rattle in the wind. They too, like the Verbena, like the full exposure of the sun and to be kept in well-drained soil. The Opium Poppy showcases large flowerheads with bluish green leaves that give birth to either single or double flower that ranges in various shades which include red, white, and purple. Red Poppies are scarlet red with jet black centers with serrated and lobed leaves. Their seeds are quite often used in baking. Red Poppies prefer disturbed soil, while Red Poppy seeds can lay dormant for years before growing.