Evergreen Conifers Provide Privacy & Maintain a Year-Round Greenery
Conifers not only lend year-round greenery to a garden but contribute beautiful shapes, textures and even smells. Many are excellent for hedges, and small conifers can be bought inexpensively and efficiently planted. Many are fast growing and create a lush, dense hedge in a surprisingly short time. One attractive tip is to plant a conifer hedge and a low wall to hide any barren spots below the plants.
Evergreen conifers are also excellent choices for low maintenance gardens. Most conifers do not need much pruning. Indeed, many should not be pruned heavily at all unless their branches are broken or diseased. They grow naturally into pyramids and columns or as prostrate plants. The good idea is to plant them with other low-maintenance plants such as heather and native grasses. They look good in entryway gardens and island beds. Single specimens can be planted in their beds, which can be enlarged as the plant grows.
Some evergreen conifers to consider for the garden include:
Blue cedar: This evergreen grows to over 50 feet tall and has a spread of over 15 feet. It is good for a large garden or lawn. It has lovely, blue-green foliage.
Lawson cypress: This tree can grow to 70 feet tall, though smaller trees grow to about 10 feet tall and 2 feet wide. It has a columnar habit, beautiful sprays of gray-green needles and smells like parsley. The cones are small, round and bluish gray.
Juniper: This is a significant family of trees with aromatic needles. They can grow to 60 feet tall, but there are dwarf specimens. Junipers have gray-green berries that are used as the spice.
Pine: This is also a huge family of trees. They include the prostrate mugo pine, the tall loblolly with its long needles and the lacebark pine which has beautiful, mottled bark.
Yew: The yew is an excellent evergreen conifer to use for hedges. It lives a long time and has dark green needles.