The Many Advantages Of Planting Native Trees
It is an excellent plan to enhance your home environment by planting trees. They provide shade, and shelter for birds and wildlife and the help clean the air. There are many reasons to plant trees, and many varieties are available to choose from. You should plant for beauty and pleasure and long term enhancement of your home.
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When you are adding trees to your landscape, you should consider planting native trees. By choosing to plant native trees, you are selecting species that are already acclimated to the growing conditions of your area. They will have better growth and fewer problems in becoming established.
Often people choose trees that seem to be trendy, that everyone is planting. This can result in overpopulation of one variety or another. When an overly large proportion of trees are of the same type, it makes the community planting vulnerable to disease and insect attack. This is especially true when trees are not native to the area where they are planted. The trees are not as healthy as native trees and become diseased more easily.
When you choose native tree varieties, you can be confident of their adaptability to your local soil and weather conditions. Our country spreads across a wide area, with different temperature ranges, soil conditions, and rainfall options. A tree that will do well on the Oregon coast might find the conditions of Arizona damaging. The reverse is also true.
Examples of trees native to Oregon would include Red Alder which prefers cool, moist slopes and Big Leaf Maple which will flourish along streams and in places where there is plenty of moisture. Contrast the 150 ft. Willamette Valley Ponderosa Pine from Oregon with the Bristle Cone Pine of Arizona that grows to about 40 feet. The smaller Bristle Cone can endure the hotter, drier climate. Neither variety would increase as well if their places were exchanged. Native trees exhibit adaptation to the land. Arizona generally is suited to drought-tolerant trees like Mesquite and Saguaro Cactus, and other plants with more elegant, less dense leaf coverage and less evaporative surface. Plants and trees survive and grow naturally where they are natives. They require fewer soil amendments and less watering adjustments.
Advantages of planting native trees are that the trees you invest in are more likely to survive better than more exotic trees. They do not require as much care, but grow and flourish naturally in the natural environment. Native trees contribute habitat to native birds and insects that are adapted to them, and they contribute to the stability of the entire local ecosystem.
You would not ever expect to find the palm trees and cypress trees of Florida growing in Arizona, because of the dryness, or in Oregon, because of cooler temperatures. When planning your home landscaping, give priority to native stock. You will spend less time and money developing the natural space around your home and garden.
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