Native Wetland Plants For Zone 3

Wetland Plants are Excellent for Home Pond or Near Lakes and Swampy Areas 

If you've ever seen large ponds and wetlands on a property and wondered if you could have the same in your backyard, it's possible. Homeowners can have a wetland right on their property without worrying about its filtration system and function. The secret to a fully functioning wetland on your property is the type of plants surrounding the water, along with the gravel and rocks on the pond bottom, which act as a perfect filter. The water in a pond doesn't flow, making it harder to keep looking clear and bacteria-free. This is why most homeowners who want a pond will never attempt to install one. They feel like it's too much maintenance. The plants act as a natural filtration system for the water in the pond, working alongside the rocks and gravel lining the pond's bed. Plants added to the pond create a filtering system that reduces nutrients and absorbs toxic compounds. 

 Cattails

 The most recognizable plant around ponds is the cattail. These can grow wildly around the edge of a pond or wetland area. It's best to transplant them in the winter before they've started to grow. 

Pickerelweed Plants

 Pickerelweed is a plant that grows underwater. It's an aquatic plant that grows in shallow freshwater to over three or four feet tall. They have beautiful purple flowers, and the nectar of the flowers attracts bees and butterflies, which add to the tranquil beauty of the pond. 

Duck Potatoe Plants

 Duck potato plants are known as Sagittaria lancifolia. These plants grow in the wild around ponds, swamps, and lakes. The beautiful white flowers are an excellent addition to a backyard wetland; The white flowers grow on stalks a foot above the plant's leaves. It would help if you planted them at the end of May. By Autumn, you can find tubers from the plant floating on the pond. These can be eaten raw or cooked and taste a bit like the potatoes, after which they are named.

 Bul Rush

 Bul rush can grow in dense clumps up to 10 feet high. Although it's called Woolgrass, it's not technically a grass. The leaves of the plant have rough edges, and the tips fold over at the end. They die each year, but the roots survive, and more plants will grow to replace the dead ones. 

 

 These marsh plants all work together to keep algae and bacteria to a minimum. They allow the homeowner to enjoy the pond without all the work to keep the water filtered and clean.

 

Wetland Plant Benefits 

Attractive landscaping is essential for homeowners who want to create great curb appeal for their homes. When someone with green thumb purchases an existing home with less than impressive landscape features, one of their first projects is likely to involve new plantings and gardens. In the rare case where a residential property has low-lying areas, the imaginative homeowner can find wetland plants that will find water-logged ditches or depressions to be a friendly environment. Most residential homeowners would prefer their property to be high and dry with no threat of water seeping into their basement or overflowing creeks during a heavy rainstorm. However, it can develop beautiful water features through the use of natural wetland plants. Artificial ponds of various sizes are sometimes built to enhance a landscape that does not have any natural wet areas, and wetland plants that include water-loving grasses and flowers beautify the feature. Building a backyard pond of any size is very labor-intensive, but even a small fish pond that includes a fountain or small waterfall can be delightful. Once the project is finished, it requires only minimal maintenance by the knowledgeable homeowner. Professional landscapers often create impressive water features at their business sites to advertise their company. These projects are likely to include a large pond, rock walls, and a waterfall or fountain. Attractive wetland plants may surround the pond since they require little care and also add interest and beauty. Homes located in rural areas on larger parcels may have low-lying areas that tend to be marshy or the site of a natural pond. The wetland plants that spring up naturally help to provide erosion control and a friendly environment for wildlife. While standing water will attract mosquitoes and other biting insects, small nesting birds help control the pests.