Partridge Berry Plant

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Description:
Partridge Berry-Mitchella repens Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade – Partial or Full Shade Mature Height - 2-4" Mature Width- 12-16" Bloom Season – Spring to Summer (May-July) Gardener Status- Beginner
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Partridge Berry Plants, Mitchella Repens

 

 

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 Partridge Berry Plant can be found all along the eastern coast and as far west as some parts of Texas. When it is found growing wildly in its natural habitat, it is usually along the sandy, sloped banks of rivers and creeks and throughout the woods. Mitchella repens itself close to the ground and doesn’t climb like many other vines.  It almost never gets taller than a quarter of an inch, but it can reach outwards about 12 inches.  The heart shaped or sometimes oval leaves stays its dark green shade all year round. They are glossy and only get to half-inch about wide. Leaves grow in pairs; on leaf on each side of its stem.  Two small, white flowers are tube-shaped and are only half an inch long during the late spring. These pairs of small flowers must cross-pollinate to produce fruit. Mitchella repens should grow in moist yet well-drained soil. There should be at least 1 foot of space between plants. Keep new plants watered as they become established. After the initial period, watering is only needed in dry periods. Wilting leaves may need water to have them perk back up. Like many groundcovers, it can handle the occasional chance that it may be walked upon, without effect. In the light of its small, non-aggressive nature, it is ideal for smaller areas that can be viewed and enjoyed., such as shady areas or around watery areas. The edible berries are less than half inch wide and have been used as foods for animals and humans alike. Besides acting as a food source, many smaller animals and insects may seek refuge under the leaves. The partridgeberry fruit was once used to assist in childbirth in early American history. 

This plant is a ground hugging vine like no other. This plant forms a beautiful mat of evergreen leaves. This mat looks great over large areas and under trees. This plant produces fragrant flowers that are funnel shaped. The berries are edible for humans but are rather nasty and lacking taste. This plant is native and grows very well. 

Partridgeberry vine

 

Partridgeberry vine has many common names including its scientific name mitchella repens and squaw berry, along with several others.  It is native to the eastern coast and can grow in some parts of Texas. In its native environment and growing naturally, partridgeberry plants can be found in woodland areas and along river and stream banks with sandy soils. It stays next to the ground and doesn’t ascend like many other vines.  It almost never gets taller than a quarter of an inch, but it can stretch outwards about 1 foot.  Leaves are heart or oval shaped, and the evergreen leaves hold its dark green shade all year round. They are shiny and only get to half-inch about wide. Two leaves grow opposite each other; one leaf on each side of its stem.  Two tiny, white flowers are tube-shaped and are only half an inch long and bloom in the late spring. These pairs of small flowers must cross-pollinate in order to generate fruit. It should grow in moist yet well-drained soil. Allow a foot gap between plants to allow for expansion. Keep new plants watered as they root system matures. After the initial period, watering is only needed in dry spells. Drooping leaves may need water to have them perk back up. Partridgeberry vine is most frequently used as groundcover. Like many groundcovers, it can survive the occasional treading of the plant, without effect. In the light of its small, non-aggressive temperament, it is ideal for smaller areas that can be viewed and enjoyed, such as shady areas or around watery areas. The berries are safe for human and animals to eat. They are a half inch wide. Besides food, the partridgeberry vine also serves as a place of refuge or shelter for smaller animals and insects. The fruit was once used to treat pains associated with women’s health and childbirth in early American history.



 

           

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