Perennials

Apr 04, 2013

Perennials Makes Great Garden Plants

A perennial plant does not live for at least three years. The term identifies longer-lived plants than annuals or biennials that live one and two years respectively and distinguish between herbaceous perennials and trees or bushes. Herbaceous perennials die back each winter and then re-grow from rootstock in the spring, whereas trees and bushes do not. There is another perennial that do not die back entirely in the winter. These are known as evergreen or nonherbaceous perennials.

Perennials are trendy plants as they grow back year after year and don’t need to be planted or grown from scratch every spring. There are plenty of perennials to choose from when you are planning a garden, and you can go for different heights, colors, and shapes of plants to give your garden precisely a look you want. You should choose perennials with a growing zone similar to your local climate as this will get the best results from your plants; the growing zone is generally labeled on the plant, but ask advice when you buy a new plant if you are unsure. These zones aren’t set in stone. Some plants will grow well and thrive outside of their usual growing zone, but to be on the safe side, choose one with a similar natural climate.

Perennials are generally hardy. They have deeper roots than annuals and can establish themselves over several years. They cope well with wildfire as their roots are well below the soil, and the plants can re-grow from rootstock; herbaceous perennials cope the best in the freezing conditions of the Arctic as well, unlike many trees and shrubs. In warmer climates, perennials may not die back during the winter but continue to grow year-round. Perennials tend towards bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, or crowns that store the energy and matter to allow them to re-grow each year, unlike annuals that continue from year to year by producing lots of seeds. Perennials may not produce seeds for the first few years of life while putting their energy into getting established.

Perennial plants are ideal for the gardens of those who have limited time or do not want to grow or plant new plants each year. A carefully designed flower bed of perennials can go from season to season with almost no maintenance, except for the occasional session of weeding.