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Growing Plants in a Greenhouse
By growing plants in a greenhouse, you are creating an ideal ecosystem for them. The idea here is to create a space in your backyard best suited for the plants you want to grow in the greenhouse. Many think that having a greenhouse is an excellent idea, and whether you have plenty of hours to spend in your garden or just a few minutes a day, having a greenhouse is great for anyone who loves plants.
A greenhouse is a building designed to protect tender or out-of-season plants against excessive cold or heat. It usually has walls and a roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass. Plains requiring climatic conditions are grown; these may vary in structure and size from small sheds to industrial-sized buildings or miniature greenhouses, also known as cold frames.
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The concept of greenhouse gardening dates back to Ancient Roman times when gardeners used artificial methods by planting cucumbers in wheeled carts and putting them under the sun daily before taking them indoors to warm them up at night. But the most accurate concept of a greenhouse would originate from the Sanga York, a treatise on gardening compiled by a royal physician from Korea during the Joseon dynasty in the 1450s. The treatise contains detailed procedures on growing vegetables, forcing the growth of flowers, and ripening fruit in a heated environment by using an artificial underground heating system to maintain heat and humidity, also known in Korean as ondol. The concept of greenhouse gardening also appeared in England and the Netherlands in the seventeenth century, with early attempts requiring enormous amounts of work to close up at night, as there were serious problems with providing adequate heat. However, experimentation continued, and France caught on the greenhouse trend with the elaborate and stately Versailles Orangerie at the Palace of Versailles. And then, around the Victorian era, this was where the golden age of greenhouse gardening took off. During this time, the wealthy upper class and aspiring botanists competed in creating the largest glasshouses in building the most elaborate artificial ecosystems. One good example of this would be the pioneering Kew Gardens built by Joseph Paxton. He experimented with glass and iron to create large greenhouses as the head gardener at Chatsworth, Derbyshire, and designed the Crystal Palace in London.
Greenhouse gardening then adapted to polyethylene film around the 1960s, along with hoop houses. The utilization of PVC pipes, aluminum extrusions, and galvanized steel tubing significantly reduced construction costs. In addition, the durability of polyethylene film drastically increased when more effective UV-inhibitors developed in the 1970s. These ultraviolet inhibitors aided in extending the usable life of the polyethylene film from two years to around four years or more. Between the 80s and 90s, gutter-connected greenhouses became more prevalent, as these houses have two or more bays connected by a common wall or a row of support posts. Heating inputs have also reduced as the ratio of the floor area to exterior wall increased substantially. Because of these developments, the efficiency of greenhouse gardening became widely acknowledged.
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While one would visualize a greenhouse as a big, glass-roofed domed building with a sprawling indoor environment and ecosystem, you can have your very own version at home. But if you want to be sure about your decision, greenhouse gardening guarantees plenty of benefits. One of them is that it is an all-in-one gardening spot, as you have a designated area for all your plants without having to walk around from distance to distance. Another one is that you have the optimum environment for your plants and all your gardening needs, as greenhouses have developed over the years to be warm and humid—the perfect recipe for enhancing the growth of plants. You can also control the temperature of your greenhouse garden, no matter the season, and you can start seasonal plants earlier rather than delay it. A great garden design would also be guaranteed, as various greenhouse designs are reminiscent of gazebos and pergolas. Furthermore, your chosen method would help focus the sprawling field of its green inhabitants. Finally, owning a greenhouse has health benefits because of its diffused lighting and its environment, which can help alleviate Seasonal Affective Disorder (or SAD).
If you can afford it, you will have to start with a frame in making your greenhouse. Greenhouse frames have many varieties of frame styles and sizes. Choosing a frame is one of the most critical steps to take to determine the functionality and effectiveness of the entire operation. The next thing you have to do is select your hardware, as your greenhouse needs entrance and exit ways that are both functional and fit with the specific theme you want to achieve. Your greenhouse plans must also have the proper nuts, bolts, and brackets to ensure their durability under even the harshest weather conditions. Choosing your covering is the next critical step in creating an effective growing environment in your greenhouse; cooling and ventilation also aid in keeping plants from overheating and drying up. While environmental controls may be optional, you may need them if you want to create an energy-efficient greenhouse structure and you also want to plant your seasonals at the desired time.
Some suggested plants for your greenhouse may have vegetables as the first on the list, with cool-season crops such as lettuce, broccoli, peas, and carrots for cold frames unheated backyard greenhouses, as they can tolerate chilly nights without the need for heating. On the other hand, warm-season vegetables such as cucumbers, tomatoes, squash, and peppers may thrive in greenhouses with steady temperatures between fifty-five and eighty-five degrees Fahrenheit or twelve to twenty-nine degrees Celsius. While they may require supplemental lighting, trellising, and laborious pollination, they will provide you with summer favorites as long as they are well-tended. While ornamentals make up for an aesthetic touch in your greenhouse, you have to group them into perennials or annuals. In addition, you may have to classify them according to their humidity needs, such as geraniums, salvia, and ferns.