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Chicory Perennial (scientific name Cichorium intybus) is a herbaceous plant that is native to Europe and is part of the dandelion family Asteraceae.

Chicory Perennial

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Description:
Climate zone: 3-9, Mature height: up to 5 ft, Mature width: 3-5 ft, Sunlight: Full sun to partial shade, Soil conditions: Adaptable to various soils, Botanical name: Cichorium Intypus, Ship as: Bareroot

Chicory Perennial (scientific name Cichorium intybus) is a herbaceous plant that is native to Europe and is part of the dandelion family Asteraceae

Chicory has many common names such as blue sailors, ragged sailors, bunk, wild endive, succory, hendibeh, horseweed, blueweed, cornered, wild bachelor's buttons, and coffeeweed. Common names for other varieties include endive, French endive, radichetta, Belgian endive, red endive, Sugarloaf, radicchio, and witloof.

Chicory Perennial should be planted in full sun as it does not tolerate shade well

Seeds should be planted 1/8 to 1/4 inches deep, planting seeds too profoundly may hinder germination. Chicory is a durable plant and will tolerate a wide range of temperatures. Having a USDA hardiness zone rating of 3 to 9 it can endure temperatures as low as negative 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Chicory is also heat tolerant having an AHS heat zone rating of 9 to 1 meaning it can grow in temperatures as high as 150 degrees Fahrenheit.
Chicory can self-pollinate but is also pollinated by bees. Propagation is usually done by seeds and self-seeds readily. Propagation can also be accomplished by dividing larger plants. There is no reliable information as to the lifespan of an individual plant because it propagates so quickly and as such not very relevant. A healthy patch of Chicory should last indefinitely.
The mature height of the Chicory ranges from 1 to 4 feet in height and about 1 to 2 feet wide with a flower spike up to 4 feet in height. The flowering time and how long it flowers varies greatly depending on the variety but may flower anytime between April to October. Chicory is considered to have a fast growth rate and prefers soils with a ph between 4.5 to 8.5.

Chicory Perennial requires almost no maintenance, however, removing the seed heads will prevent spreading

In many regions, the Chicory is used in Europe and Asia. This plant used as a coffee substitute. It has been used in tough economic times when coffee beans were not readily available or were too expensive for many people. The part of the plant used for coffee if the root is ground and then is ready for use. It is most frequently used in the Mediterranean area for coffee. It can be used for internal parasites because it is toxic to pests. In studies farm animals who forged this plant were shown to shown to have a fewer parasites. It has increased the use of the plant for forage. The flower of this plant in the past was used for ailments as sinus problems, bruises, cuts, gallstones, and gastroenteritis. The plant contains insulin which when consumed by humans can help with constipation, increase bowel function, and could help with weight loss. During animal studies, this plant, in rats has the possible ability to improve the absorption of calcium and increase bone mineral density. The leaves are used in salads. It is found on the eastern seaboard growing since it can grow well in sandy soils. This plant will bloom from July to October, but the plant time will be ideal from May to June. Other common names for this plant are ragged sailors, horseweed, succor, wild endive, blue sailors, blue dandelion, blue daisy, or wild bachelor’s buttons. The Latin name is Cichorium Intybus and is classified as a perennial. Beer brewers have also used the root for flavoring stouts. This wildflower is attractive and will add to any area a natural beauty.

Chicory Perennial 

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