Spreading Wood Fern is a native plant to North America
It is found naturally in rocky places and in and around rotting stumps and trees. These plants love moist soils and are located only in the mountains farther south; While finding more areas in the north. It is great to have in a rock garden or in a shady spot that nothing else will grow in.
Botanical Latin Name: Dryopteris marginalis
Common Name: marginal wood fern, Spreading Wood Fern, and marginal shield fern.
Sun Exposure: Part shade to full shade preferably. Part sun can be tolerated.
Hardiness Zones: USDA Zone 3-8. Can tolerate -5 degrees Fahrenheit but should be protected from wind conditions.
Mature Height: 2 to 3 feet at maturity and sometimes can grow up to 4 feet tall.
Spread: 2 to 3 feet in width.
Spacing: From 1.5 to 2 feet spacing between each plant.
Growth Rate: Easy to grow with a medium growth rate in right conditions as the underground rhizomes spread slowly.
Flowering Time: Nonflowering plant. Wood fern fiddleheads emerge in spring.
How Long It Flowers: Nonflowering plant. Fern is a year-round evergreen.
Flower Color: Nonflowering plant.
Soil Requirements: A well-drained soil in part shade to full shade is best. Wood ferns prefer moist, fertile, acidic soils. The plant will grow correctly in warm and humid climate.
Pruning: Woodfern is a no-maintenance plant that can become very dense, pruning is not required unless it is necessary.
Flower Form: Dryopteris marginalis is an evergreen plant with no flowers. The leathery like fronds can measure up to 24 inches long with leaflets that grow up to 4 inches in length. Leaflets can number up to 20 pairs on each side of the main leaf. The perennial Dryopteris marginalis plant has attractive foliage that forms an upright crown from the center with fronds curving gently at the tip downward. The new leaves are light green in the spring, but they turn dark green by summer.
Spreading Wood Fern has deep green color and leathery leaves make this plant a perfect groundcover for its lush, dense foliage
It is the most recognizable of all ferns due to the toughness of the leaves and is considered the most desirable evergreen plant as an ornamental touch for borders, rock beds and landscapes.
Spreading Wood Fern has a beautiful growth pattern
The common name marginalize responds to the round brown sori which are located on the margins of the leaf; the sori turns to a blue-violet, deep color before the spore ripens.
This particular fern plant grows in an asymmetric, beautiful pattern.
Spreading Wood Fern