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- Sweet Betsy Trillium-Trillium cuneatum Hardy Planting Zones- 5-8 Sun or Shade – Full to Partial Shade Mature Height - 12-18" Mature Width- 6-12" Bloom Season – Spring (April-May) Gardener Status- Beginner
Sweet Betsy Trillium is very colorful leaves that are egged shaped
The Sweet Betsy Trillium has a scientific name of Trillium cuneatum. It is part of the lily family, and the Sweet Betsy is a sessile trillium, meaning the flower itself arises from the bracts, instead of sitting upon them. The plant has other nicknames, including a bloody butcher, the whip-poor-will flower, purple toadshade and large toadshade. It is a flowering perennial plant that typically grows in early March to the middle of April. It then blooms in the summer months. The plant is native to the southeastern region of the United States, and it grows in environments that contain rich soils like the upland woods. This plant is found at elevations between 165 to 2,300 feet. It is known for its banana-scented flower. Its petals vary in color from yellow, maroon, green and bronze.
Sweet Betsy Trillium is also known as the Wood Lily
Sweet Betsy Trillium goes by another name called "wood Lilly." The plant is part of the sessile group. Other names are Toad Trillium, Wake Robbin, and Whippoorwill Flower. Grayish green spots help give the leaves some color, and they are flexible and soft. It is also the largest of the trillium plants. A flower sits in the middle of the leaves, and either has a stalk or don't. Refined hairs are under the leaf surface. The flower color itself could differ and rises from the bracts. Sometimes it is a reddish green or yellowish bronze. It also has a fragrance that smells almost like bananas, with a little spice, that is why this plant is called Sweet Betsy. The sepals, leaves, and petals all come in leaves of three. Fruit sits in the middle of the flower, that's full of pulp and seeds. The capsule that holds the seeds is a shade of green and has purple spots. A wedge-like the base is almost forming a stalk for this plant. Ants are responsible for dispersing the seeds.
Sweet Betsy does not transplant well, but if left undisturbed, it will spread
Thick rhizomes that are very fleshly help it to grow, although the growth is slow. With this particular plant, there are no serious diseases or bug issues. However, you will need to watch for slugs and snails. Minor diseases include smut, rust, and leaf spots. The green leaves can be used for food, while the entire plant itself, along with the root helps with vomiting inducement. It's also used to treat tumors. Boils have been treated medically with this flower. However, the seeds in the fruit of the plant are suspected to be a poison. If you are growing this plant, make sure that you have the right soil. This flower gives off a vast amount of lush, beautiful red blooms. This perennial blooms during the spring months and will be a great addition to any garden. This perennial also likes to grow in fertile, damp well-drained soils.
Sweet Betsy Trillium