Your Planting Zone is:

  • Exposure
    Sun or Shade
  • Height At Maturity
    Over 25 Feet
  • Planting Zones
    4-9
  • Shipped As
    Bare-root
  • Ships
    Mid November
  • Usage
    Vibrant Foliage

Black Gum Trees

Sale price$89.99

Size 1-2'
Quantity 25 Trees

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Black Gum Trees are found chiefly in U.S.D.A. zones 4-9 and are famed for their summer and fall color. The most distinctive color is intensely red, with orange, yellow, and purple hues starting to show in September.

Black Gum Tree Does Great In Wetlands 

The scientific name for Black Gum is Nyssa Sylvia. This type often grows in wet areas; Nyssa is derived from the Greek water nymph. In its native environment, it flourishes along streams, swamps, and upland areas. Despite its performance in moist areas, it can also do well in dry regions under proper care and develop drought resistance.

Black Gum Trees Mature In Height and Spread

These closely resemble some maples owing to their pyramidal shape, forming an oval or conically shaped crown as they mature. When properly nurtured, they can mature to 30 to 50 feet with a spread of 20 to 30 feet.

It takes 12 to 15 years to mature. However, this growth rate can be accelerated using various techniques, including fertilizer and irrigation. Before applying fertilizer, it is advisable to test the soil.

You can test the soil independently or get a professional to handle it. This way, based on your soil composition, you can know how much fertilizer and the appropriate type. In the modern era of scientific advancement, you can find cultivars with accelerated growth that take a few years to achieve maturity.

Ornamental Features Of The Black Gum Tree

As stated before, it is arguably one of the most beautiful types. It achieves its potential in summer and fall. Its features are alternately arranged, long, dark green, glossy, 3-inch leaves attractive in fall.

It is often confused with maples, especially those found directly in sunlight. Aside from the magnificent hues enhanced by sunlight, they have an attractive, deeply ridged bark that resembles alligator skin.

The Black Gum Tree spots small greenish-white flowers between April and May, which are essential to pollination. The flowers give rise to a blue-black fruit that birds enjoy. The tree is also classified as a polygamo-dioecious type, meaning it has many male or female flowers, with only a few having a perfect balance.

Soil Type Prefered For Black Gum Tree

These flourish in acidic, well-drained soils with medium wetness. Most people prefer these trees for lower areas because they can thrive in wet conditions. However, due to their drought tolerance, they can also do well in drier regions.

Sometimes, they occur naturally in dry areas. They can be nurtured as a single specimen or as part of a group in a naturalized area.

When planted in groups, yellow, orange, and purple fall colors give off a spectacular view. It can also be used as a street tree in less populated areas.