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The Elderberry bush can be used as an accent piece or a border around your home or garden.

Elderberry

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The Elderberry tree is a shrub that produces edible flowers and fruit.

The elderberry bush ( Sambucus) grows natively throughout North America and Europe.

Some varieties grow in Australia and South America. It is a shrub that has small clusters of white flowers in the spring. It makes black, blue-black or red berries. The Elderberry bush grows up to 12 feet tall. It is a fast growing bush reaching 6 to 12 feet in the first three years. The elderberry bush is often used for hedges because it grows so fast.

A gardener can prune the elderberry bush in any shape or size without causing it harm.

Elderberry bushes grow best when planted in moist soil. They cannot tolerate drought or poorly drained wet soil. They will produce more berries if they get direct sunlight. They can also grow in partial shade. Elderberry bushes have shallow roots, so they benefit from a mulch of hay or straw. They are hardy enough to survive most weather conditions.

The elderberry bush produces berries around mid-August to mid-September. After 15 days berries begin to ripen. In 2 to 3 years after planting, berries will start to appear. The elderberry bush attracts wildlife. Birds and small mammals love to eat the berries. Deers like to eat the leaves. It also provides nesting material for wild bees and hummingbirds.

Humans can eat cooked berries. Elderberries have a bitter taste and can cause stomach issues if eaten raw. Some common uses for elderberries include jams, wines, and jellies. They have more vitamin c than oranges. They also are high in iron and B6. Elderberry bushes are also used in herbal medicine to combat illnesses such as the flu.

Many people use elderberry bushes to create a decorative hedge with there white flowers and dark berries. They are also kept to harvest their berries. They are easy to maintain and quick to grow. Elderberries would make an excellent addition to any yard. There are several types of elderberry trees, but the most common types are European and American Elderberry shrubs. The Elderberry has a long history of being used for its medicinal properties. The berries are high in antioxidants and contain more Vitamin C than oranges. People have used them to help alleviate symptoms of the common cold and to treat the flu. In addition to their medicinal properties, Elderberries can be used to make jam, juice, tea, even wine.

Elderberry Trees are very hardy and easy to grow. They grow best in zones 3 through 8. They are pest and disease free, and very tolerant of pruning. Elderberry Trees should be planted in soil that is well-drained, moist and has a pH of 5.5 - 6.5. Fertilizer or compost should be mixed into the soil annually. Plant them in full-sun or part-sun areas for best results. They will reach between 10 and 20 feet tall and start producing fruit at 2 to 3 years mature; for best fruit production plant two Elderberry Trees within 60 feet of each other. Expect to harvest fruit between August and September. The scientific name for Elderberry Tree is Sambucus Nigra.

Mature Height: 10 to 12 feet
Mature Width: 8 to 20 feet
Sunlight: partial shade to full sun
Soil Conditions: slightly acidic, moist soil
Botanical Name: Sambucus nigra (European) or Sambucus Canadensis (American)

Elderberry

 

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 The Elderberry bush can be used as an accent piece or a border around your home or garden. 

Elderberry

 

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